U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s (ICE) Enforcement and Removal Operations (ERO) officers removed a Chinese citizen last week, who served three years in prison for attempting to illegally export high-grade carbon fiber to China, following an investigation initiated by ICE’s Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), the U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC) and the Department of Defense’s Defense Criminal Investigative Service (DCIS).
Fuyi Sun, 54, (also known as ‘Frank’), a citizen of the People’s Republic of China, was sentenced in New York federal court for violating the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA) in connection with a scheme to illegally export to China, without a license, high-grade carbon fiber, which is used primarily in aerospace and military applications.
(The U.S. Justice Department said in a statement, a Chinese citizen pleaded guilty on Friday to charges of trying to illegally export to China high-grade carbon fiber used primarily in aerospace and military applications. Courtesy of Wochit News and YouTube. Posted on Apr 21, 2017,)
On April 11, 2016, Sun traveled from China to New York for the purpose of purchasing M60 Carbon Fiber which is used in military drone aircraft, from the UC Company.
During meetings with the undercover agents on April 11 and 12, among other things, Sun suggested that the Chinese military was the ultimate end-user for the M60 Carbon Fiber he sought to acquire from the UC Company, and claimed to have personally worked in the Chinese missile program.
Sun further asserted that he maintained a close relationship with the Chinese military, had a sophisticated understanding of the Chinese military’s need for carbon fiber, and suggested that he would be supplying the M60 Carbon Fiber to the Chinese military or to institutions closely associated with it.
On April 12, 2016, Sun agreed to purchase two cases of M60 Carbon Fiber from the UC Company, paid the undercover agents purporting to represent the UC Company $23,000 in cash for the carbon fiber, as well as an added $2,000 as compensation for the risk he believed the UC Company was taking to illegally export the carbon fiber to China without a license.
Bharara: Fuyi Sun allegedly tried to acquire carbon fiber for illegal export to China telling undercovers it was headed for Chinese military
— US Attorney SDNY (@SDNYnews) April 14, 2016
On April 13, 2016, the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York (SDNY) filed a complaint with SDNY alleging a violation of IEEPA, and HSI special agents arrested Sun and subsequently remanded him to the custody of the U.S. Marshals Service for prosecution.
On Sept. 5, 2017, SDNY convicted Sun of violating IEEPA and sentenced him to incarceration for 36 months.
On May 24, 2018, SDNY issued a judicial order of removal for Sun.
ERO officers removed Sun from the United States and turned him over to Chinese authorities without incident.
(Learn More about ICE ERO, charged with enforcing the nation’s immigration laws in a fair and effective manner. ICE ERO identifies and apprehends removable aliens, detains these individuals when necessary and removes illegal aliens from the U.S. This unit prioritizes the apprehension, arrest and removal of convicted criminals, those who pose a threat to national security, fugitives and recent border entrants. Courtesy of ICE .gov and YouTube. Posted in March of 2014.)
According to the FBI, cases of economic espionage rose 53 percent in 2015, the majority of which involved Chinese nationals.
Human Rights Violators and War Crimes Unit (HRVWCU)
‘Excellence in Homeland Security’
The HRVWCC is comprised of ICE HSI’s Human Rights Violators and War Crimes Unit, ICE’s Human Rights Law Section, FBI’s International Human Rights Unit and HRSP.
Established in 2009, the HRVWCC furthers the government’s efforts to identify, locate and prosecute human rights abusers in the United States, including those who are known or suspected to have participated in persecution, war crimes, genocide, torture, extrajudicial killings, female genital mutilation and the use or recruitment of child soldiers.
(Learn About ICE HSI Human Rights Violators and War Crimes Unit (HRVWCU) which conducts investigations focused on human rights violations in an effort to prevent the United States from becoming a safe haven to those individuals who engage in the commission of war crimes, genocide, torture and other forms of serious human rights abuses from conflicts around the globe. Courtesy of ICE .gov and YouTube.)
The unit has four important missions:
- To prevent the admission of foreign war crimes suspects, persecutors and human rights abusers into the United States.
- To identify and prosecute individuals who have been involved and/or responsible for the commission of human rights abuses across the globe.
- To remove, whenever possible, those offenders who are located in the United States.
- To oversee the development of programs in response to the former President’s Presidential Study Directive-10, the prevention of mass atrocities.
The HRVWCC leverages the expertise of a select group of agents, lawyers, intelligence and research specialists, historians and analysts who direct the agency’s broader enforcement efforts against these offenders.
Since fiscal year 2004, ICE has arrested more than 275 individuals for human rights-related violations under various criminal and/or immigration statutes.
During that same period, ICE has denied more than 139 individuals from obtaining entry visas to the United States and created more than 66,000 subject records, which prevented identified human-rights violators from attempting to enter the United States.
Additionally, ICE successfully obtained deportation orders to physically remove more than 590 known or suspected human rights violators from the United States.
Currently, ICE is pursuing more than 1,900 leads and removal cases that involve suspected human rights violators from nearly 96 different countries.
Members of the public who have information about foreign nationals or naturalized U.S. citizens suspected of engaging in human rights abuses or war crimes are encouraged to call the ICE tip line at 1-866-DHS-2-ICE or to complete its online tip form; or the Justice Department’s Human Rights and Special Prosecutions Section at 1-202-616-2492. Callers may remain anonymous.
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