New Medical Disaster Drone for Homeland Security & Global Health

Two new disaster drones delivered telemedical packages to victims and rescue personnel in a simulated mass casualty event Tuesday at John Bell Airport in Bolton, Mississippi.

The technology debuted before an audience including Mississippi Governor Phil Bryant and representatives from Homeland Security, Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, and the United Nations.

The Telemedical Drone Project, known as HiRO (Health Integrated Rescue Operations), was developed by Italo Subbarao, DO, senior associate dean at William Carey University College of Osteopathic Medicine, and Guy Paul Cooper Jr., a fourth year medical student at WCUCOM.

(Health Integrated Rescue Operations [HiRO] Drone displays just what it can do with its Cardiac telemedicine module. HiRO is an ongoing research development headed by Dr. Italo Subbarao, D.O. at William Carey University College of Osteopathic Medicine. The Project aims at integrating modern GPS guided drone with satellite telemedicine diagnostic technologies to decrease emergency response time in rural, HAZMAT, epidemic, and disaster situations. Courtesy of Hiro Saves and YouTube)

The concept arose when the two studied the medical response to the devastating EF-4 tornado that struck Hattiesburg, Mississippi in February 2013.

In the past two years, they’ve developed multiple prototypes to support rural and wilderness medical emergencies, including the two newest iterations: ambulance drones designed to support victims and rescue personnel during mass shootings, bombings, or other terrorist attacks.

“Reaching the victims is the critical challenge in these situations. As an osteopathic physician, my goal was to find ways to help save lives. A medical drone is the bridge that delivers life-saving treatment directly to the victims, giving remote physicians eyes, ears and voice to instruct anyone on site,” said Dr. Subbarao, a nationally recognized expert in disaster and emergency medicine.

Two new telemedical packages were deployed during the demonstration, one for a severely injured victim and the other for a mass casualty setup capable of treating up to 100 people with significant to minor injuries.

Both kits incorporate Homeland Security recommendations provided through the “Stop the Bleed” initiative.

According to student doctor Cooper, “The two highly advanced mobile telemedical kits provide immediate and secure access to a provider on the other end of the screen.”

“The package was designed for use in the chaos and confusion where guidance must be simple, direct, and user friendly.  We feel that the features in these kits empower the provider and bystander to save lives,” noted Cooper.

When the critical care kit opens, the physician appears on video and can direct treatment. The kit includes Google Glass, which allow the wearer to be hands free and to move away from the drone while maintaining audio and visual contact with the physician.

Experts from Hinds Community College, in collaboration with Dr. Subbarao and Paul Cooper, designed and built both disaster drones, which are capable of carrying telemedical packages in adverse conditions.

“These drones have impressive lift and distance capability, and can be outfitted with a variety of sensors, such as infrared, to help locate victims,” said Dennis Lott, director of the unmanned aerial vehicle program at Hinds Community College.

“Working together, we’re able to develop, test, and bring this technology to the field. It is just a matter of time before the drones are universally adopted for emergency and disaster response toolkits.”

The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) represents more than 123,000 osteopathic physicians (DOs) and osteopathic medical students; promotes public health; encourages scientific research; serves as the primary certifying body for DOs; and is the accrediting agency for osteopathic medical schools.