U.S. Customs and Border Protection has released an update to the agency’s Directive governing Border Searches of Electronic Devices.
This Directive, which supersedes the previous directive released in August 2009, enhances the transparency, accountability and oversight of electronic device border searches performed by CBP.
“In this digital age, border searches of electronic devices are essential to enforcing the law at the U.S. border and to protecting the American people,” said Deputy Executive Assistant Commissioner, Office of Field Operations, John Wagner.
“CBP is committed to preserving the civil rights and civil liberties of those we encounter, including the small number of travelers whose devices are searched, which is why the updated Directive includes provisions above and beyond prevailing constitutional and legal requirements.”
“CBP’s authority for the border search of electronic devices is and will continue to be exercised judiciously, responsibly, and consistent with the public trust.”
Noting the evolution of the operating environment since the 2009 directive was issued, advances in technology and continuing developments, along with the requirements of the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, codified at 6 U.S.C. § 211(k), Acting Commissioner Kevin McAleenan directed the review and update of the Directive.
In FY17, CBP conducted 30,200 border searches, both inbound and outbound, of electronic devices.
- Approximately 0.007 percent of arriving international travelers processed by CBP officers (more than 397 million) had their electronic devices searched (more than 29,200).
- In FY16, 0.005 percent of arriving international travelers (more than 390 million) had their electronic devices searched (more than 18,400).
The need for border searches of electronic devices is driven by CBP’s mission to protect the American people and enforce the nation’s laws in this digital age.
(Learn More. Former Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly discusses global aviation security measures regarding overseas airports that have direct flights to the United States. Courtesy of CNN and YouTube. Posted on Jun 28, 2017)
As the world of information technology evolves, techniques used by CBP and other law enforcement agencies must also evolve to identify, investigate, and prosecute individuals who use new technologies to commit crimes.
CBP border searches of electronic devices have resulted in evidence helpful in combating terrorist activity, child pornography, violations of export controls, intellectual property rights violations, and visa fraud.
Below is a month-to-month comparison for FY16 and FY17.
|International Travelers (Inbound and Outbound) Processed with Electronic Device Search|
|FY 2016||FY 2017|
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is responsible for:
- Securing our nation’s borders, to include, among other things, ensuring the interdiction of persons and goods illegally entering or exiting the United States
- Enforcing the customs and trade laws of the United States
- Detecting, responding to, and interdicting terrorists, drug smugglers and traffickers, human smugglers and traffickers, and other persons who may undermine the security of the United States, and
- Safeguarding the border of the United States to protect against the entry of dangerous goods