By Barnini Chakraborty, Fox News Politics
A Virginia-based federal appeals court blocked the Trump administration’s controversial travel ban, becoming the second circuit court to uphold lower court rulings against the policy.
The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond issued the ruling Thursday, following arguments May 8.
The ruling means the Trump administration still cannot enforce its travel ban which affects six Muslim-majority countries: Iran, Syria, Yemen, Somalia, Libya and Sudan.
(On Thursday, a US federal appeals court upheld a ruling blocking Donald Trump’s travel ban against six Muslim-majority countries. The ruling from the 4th US Circuit Court of Appeals upholds a lower court’s decision to halt core portions of the executive order indefinitely. Courtesy of Wochit News and YouTube)
“We remain unconvinced [the ban] has more to do with national security than it does with effectuating the President’s promised Muslim ban,” the court said.
The ruling was issued by the full, or en banc, court, in a 10-3 ruling with two abstentions.
“Congress granted the president broad power to deny entry to aliens, but that power is not absolute. It cannot go unchecked when, as here, the president wields it through an executive edict that stands to cause irreparable harm to individuals across this nation,” the chief judge of the circuit, Roger L. Gregory wrote.
Judge Paul Niemeyer sharply dissented from the decision, saying it will make the U.S. more dangerous.
“Regrettably, at the end of the day, the real losers in this case are the millions of individual Americans whose security is threatened on a daily basis by those who seek to do us harm,” Judge Dennis Shedd wrote in a separate dissent.
Trump issued his first executive order creating a travel ban on Jan. 27. That order, which included Iraq, sparked protests at airports around the country and brief detentions of hundreds of travelers. It was met with immediate resistance from the courts, with several federal district judges issuing orders blocking aspects of the order.
On March 6, Trump issued a revised travel ban striking Iraq and excluding existing visa and green card holders.
Another federal appeals court is considering a similar appeal of a Hawaii-based judge’s ruling blocking the visa ban. The San Francisco-based 9th Circuit Court of Appeals heard arguments in that case May 15.
Both cases are likely headed to the U.S. Supreme court, according to legal experts.
(President Donald Trump’s executive order barring U.S. entry from six mostly Muslim countries was put on continued hold by a federal appeals court. Courtesy of Bloomberg Politics and YouTube. Posted on May 25, 2017)
The first travel ban in January triggered chaos and protests across the country as travelers were stopped from boarding international flights and detained at airports for hours. Trump tweaked the order after the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals refused to reinstate the ban.
The new version made it clear the 90-day ban covering those six countries doesn’t apply to those who already have valid visas. It got rid of language that would give priority to religious minorities and removed Iraq from the list of banned countries.
Critics said the changes don’t erase the legal problems with the ban.
The Maryland case was brought by the American Civil Liberties Union and the National Immigration Law Center on behalf of organizations as well as people who live in the U.S. and fear the executive order will prevent them from being reunited with family members from the banned countries.
“President Trump’s Muslim ban violates the Constitution, as this decision strongly reaffirms,” said Omar Jadwat, director of the ACLU’s Immigrants’ Rights Project, who argued the case.
“The Constitution’s prohibition on actions disfavoring or condemning any religion is a fundamental protection for all of us, and we can all be glad that the court today rejected the government’s request to set that principle aside.”
Fox News’ Bill Mears and The Associated Press contributed to this report.
Statement by Attorney General Jeff Sessions on the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals Decision
Attorney General Jeff Sessions today issued the following statement on the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals Decision:
“President Trump’s executive order is well within his lawful authority to keep the Nation safe.”
“The Department of Justice strongly disagrees with the decision of the divided court, which blocks the President’s efforts to strengthen this country’s national security.”
“As the dissenting judges explained, the executive order is a constitutional exercise of the President’s duty to protect our communities from terrorism.”
(Attorney General Jeff Sessions says President Trump’s revised executive order that bans immigration from six Muslim-majority countries will protect Americans, including lawful immigrants. Courtesy of CNN and YouTube. Posted on Mar 6, 2017)
“The President is not required to admit people from countries that sponsor or shelter terrorism, until he determines that they can be properly vetted and do not pose a security risk to the United States.”
“This Department of Justice will continue to vigorously defend the power and duty of the Executive Branch to protect the people of this country from danger, and will seek review of this case in the United States Supreme Court.”